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SA Fruit Journal 2008

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pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • Foreword: Consumer behaviour will change
    The headlines in all business publications and the lead stories in all business news broadcasts over the past two months have been on the global economic crisis. And when America sneezes the whole world catches a cold.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • Fire destroys historic Lowveld citrus packhouse
    At midday on Saturday, 15th December 2007, disaster struck at Crocodile Valley Citrus Co when a fire started in its historic Citrus Packhouse. A stiff easterly wind was blowing and within 20 minutes the entire Export section of 6,000 m² was alight with no prospect of controlling the fire. The cause of the fire has been ascribed to an electrical fault by the fire investigators.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • South African Citrus Production Trends: 2008-2022
    At the end of 2007 CGA and Our Source (previously Dux Solutions) together updated the Long-term Citrus Crop Projection Model. This Model was first created in 2006 to provide a quantitative outlook of export volumes for the Southern African citrus industry, primarily to act as a reference that could then be used for infrastructure and logistics planning.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • The Moroccan Citrus Industry
    South Africa is Africa’s leading exporter of citrus fruits. At the other end of Africa, in the north west corner lies Africa’s second largest exporter – Morocco.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • Sundays River Valley - The Place In Between
    Somewhere in-between the Northern production areas and the aptly named Citrusdal, lies an area that is somehow often overlooked in spite of the very significant contribution it makes to the South African citrus industry.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • Global trade in counterfeit pesticides
    The rise in counterfeit plant protection products (PPP) is becoming a problem across the globe. Economic difficulties and the high cost of inputs may lure producers to “cheaper” alternatives obtained from “new” sources. Yet producers can little afford the financial consequences of using ineffective counterfeit products or bear the loss that may result from the rejection of fruit in the market found to have illegal residues.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • Citrus orchard sanitation with emphasis on false codling moth control
    Orchard sanitation is the regular removal and destruction of all fallen fruit and all hanging fruit, which is infested, damaged or decaying. Regular orchard sanitation has three major benefits, in assisting to control false codling moth (FCM), fruit flies and fungal pathogens.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • Clementine selections evaluated in the cool inland area of Burgersfort
    The inland area of Burgersfort has always been well known for its South African naartjies, but in recent years the demand for seedless soft citrus for the export markets has led to an increasing interest in the production of Clementines in this region.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2008/Jan 2009) Popular

  • The Last Word: Hoppie Nel
    Dr Hoppie Nel is both the Chairman of Citrus Growers’ Association (CGA) and the Managing Director of Golden Frontier Citrus, a subsidiary of TSB which is situated in Mpumalanga, 60 km east of Nelspruit. He has been a prominent figure in the citrus industry for many years and his ongoing commitment and input have been of great value to the industry as a whole.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • Halfway Through the Volume of the SA Citrus Export Season
    The halfway mark in the 2008 South African citrus export season the sweet taste resulting from excellent lemon prices, strong early navel returns and good grapefruit results in the earlier part of the season, soured somewhat.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • Citrus Research Symposium 2008
    Maybe it's the clear Drakensberg air, or maybe it's got something to do with good organization - whatever the reason - this year's Citrus Research Symposiurn was world class. This was the message from delegates from Spain, France and the US.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • CGA Annual General Meeting
    The Champagne Sports Resort in the beautiful central Drakensberg region of KwaZulu-Natal was the venue for the Annual General Meeting of the Citrus Growers' Association this year.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • Karino Sitrus Koöperasie 1957-2007
    Karino Sitrus Koöperasie is geleë sowat 15km oos van Nelspruit langs die N4-roete na Malelane.Die Koöperasie bedien die sitrusareas wes, oos en noord van Nelspruit, bekend as 'n marginale sitrusstreek met baie vergroening en klein vrugte.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • Citrus Academy: Bursary Fund IEP
    Since the inception of the Citrus Academy Bursary Fund, much emphasis has been placed on experiential learning in addition to formal education, as an essential ingredient of students' development and preparation for permanent employment. The Academy runs four programmes to provide students with such learning opportunities, being vacation work, internships, workplace experience, and industry exposure.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • 'n Boer Maak n Plan
    Die Engelse sê: "If you fail to plan, you plan to fail". In Afrikaans beplan ons seker nooit om te misluk nie, want ons weet mos almal dat 'n boer altyd 'n plan maak.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • An inexpensive ant bait station
    The brown house ant (Pheidole megacephala) is a common pest in citrus and other fruit tree orchards because it disrupts and attacks natural enemies that suppress other pests.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • Sitrus verbeteringskema tegnikus
    Hiermee wil ek u in kennis stel dat Richard Fenwick vanaf 1 Julie 2008 op kontrak aangestel is as Tegnikus vir die Sitrus Verbeteringskema.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • Archbishop Desmond Tutu lauds partnerships as growers and workers in Cape citrus industry
    Partnerships between citrus growers in the Cape and their workers bring hope not only to the people who live on these farms, but also to the whole of South Africa and Southern Africa where there is so much evidence of decline in the rural communities.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • CRI: 5th Citrus Research Symposium
    Between and 6 August 2008, Citrus Research Internationals Fifth Citrus Research Symposium was held at the ChampagneSportss Resort in the Drakensberg near Winterton.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2008) Popular

  • The use of biotechnology within the field of Plant Pathology at Stellenbosch University
    In the past two decades, biotechnology has become increasingly important within the field of Plant Pathology. Many of the methods used in biotechnology form an integral part of mainstream Plant Pathology research today.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • Forging closer links with the Spanish citrus industry
    Spain is the largest exporter of citrus in the world, accounting for a third o citrus exports. South Africa is the second largest at 10%. During the northern hemisphere winter months, the Spanish dominate the European markets, while South Africa dominate in their summer months.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • Learning to do
    Previously we looked at workplace learning as an alternative to classroom learning, The good news is that there have been some developments on the skills development front that will support workplace learning.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • Key principles to ethical trade auditing
    Introduction: South Africa has progressive labour legislation unlikely to be surpassed anywhere in the world. Legally speaking this gives far workers significant protection against untoward practices by employers.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • New levy application includes provision for CGA to be involved in logistics and infrastructure issues
    The CGA Board considered a request from certain regions to include logistics and infrastructure in the business plan used to determine the new levy levels.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • Cape citrus farm finds right blend empowerment and conservation
    Ever heard of a 'suurpootjie'or a 'koekemakranka'? They are both critically endangered species found only at a certain place in the Cape region of South Africa.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • Sitrus Verbeteringskema Administrateur
    Hiermee wil ons u in kennis stel dat Louise Jackson ons aan die einde Junie gaan verlaat na 22 jaar se diens. Dit laat 'n groot leemte by die Sitrus Grondvesblok wat moeilik gevul gaan word.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • Thresholds and guidelines for intervention against citrus pests
    Abstract: Thresholds and guidelines are given for intervention against 23 of the most important arthropod and molluscan pests occurring on citrus in southern Africa. Some of these thresholds are very specific, whereas others are no more than guiding principles.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2008) Popular

  • A Fresh Approach to Learning
    The traditional approach to skills development delivery is to have service providers going to farms and delivering skills programmes of learnerships and assessing the competency of learners on completion of the process. This leads to the certification of competent learners for the unit standards or qualifications in question.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Foreword: Fair trade or plain nonsense
    I could not believe the contents of a letter sent to a grower/exporter a short while ago. The grower is asked to complete a questionnaire regarding labour practices. The letter goes on to state that based on the answers, his brand will be categorised as "fair", "in between" or "unfair". Should the grower/ exporter fail to complete the questionnaire he will be classified as "unfair".

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Senior Management Commitment to Food Safety
    Most citrus growers and packhouses will be well into their 2008 citrus export campaign by the time this edition reaches SAFJ readers, and an excellent time to bring to light some of the key themes dominating the IIR Excellence in Food Safety and Quality Assurance Conference held in Johannesburg from 26th-28th March 2008.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Estimates of Export Volumes for 2008-09
    On 11 March the variety focus groups met at the Premier Conference Centre, O.R.Tambo International to reach consensus on their estimates for the 2008/9 export volumes.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Die Wes Kaap as Sitrusproduserendestreek
    Menige onkundige dink aan die Wes-Kaap as 'n landboustreek wat slegs bekend is vir die produksie van sagtevrugte, tafel- en wyndruiwe, groente, graan en veeteelt. Die Wes-Kaap id egter in eie reg ook een van die land se belangrikste streke vir die verbouing van sitrus. Dle gebied is bekend vir sy hoogstaande kwaliteit.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Exciting news from the Bursary Fund
    The winners of the 2007 nationwide competition for the best academic performance at Certificate- and Diploma- levels were recently announced.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Sitrusboomsertifisering
    Produsente moet slegs sitrusbome by 'n gesertifiseerde sitruskwekery koop wat 'n serifikaat soortgelyk aan die voorbeeld hierbo uitgereik deur die Suid-Afrikaanse Sitrusverbeterinskema (SVS), aan die produsent kan verskaf.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Factors affecting sheepnose ioncidence in grapefruit
    Summary: Sheepnosed grapefruit are large and pear shaped with a pronounced neck at the stem end and often have thick and puffy rinds. The causes of sheepnose incidence are not fully understood. This article is a summary of a few known factors to be involved in sheepnose incidence in grapefruit

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Voorseisoen Pakhuiswerkswinkels herleef soos in die verlede
    Gedurende die eenkanaal-bemarkingstelsel was daar jaarliks, na afloop van die pakseisoen, 'n werkswinkel op nasionale vlak gehou wat oor twee dae gestrek het. Na deregulering het dit egter om verskeie redes ten einde geloop.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Local Citrus Mutations
    Citrus Research International (CRI) is in the process of revitalising the search for mutations in the orchards that surround those of us who are involved in the South African citrus industry and regularly in contact with fruit production aspects.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Plaaslike Sitrus Mutasies
    Citrus Research International (CRI) is in die proses om die soeke na mutasies in die boorde te vemuwe, d.m.v die persone wat betrokke is in die Suid-Afrikaanse sitrus industrie en gereeld in kontak is met sitrusverbouing.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • 5th Citrus Research Symposium
    The 5th Citrus Research Symposium will be held at the Champagne Sports Resort in the Drakensberg from Sunday, 3 August to Wednesday, 6 August. Situated in the tranquillity of the Central Drakensberg, boasting the most spectacular view of Champagne Castle and Cathkin Peak, lies Champagne Sports Resort.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2008) Popular

  • Citrus Research Focus for 2008-09
    Citrus Research International (CRI) continues to be tasked by the Citrus Growers' Association of Southern Africa (CGA) to provide the industry with appropriate research and technical support services.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • CGA welcomes new directors
    At the Board Meeting held in Johannesburg on 29th November 2007, the Board of directors was confirmed.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • Tracing ethical and sustainable practices
    To date the specifications for fresh produce traceability systems have largely been designed to comply with Food Safety needs. It already seems, however, that the new drivers shaping the future food traceability systems are the next generation of consumer expectations.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • Learners and Teachers
    In previous issues we looked at formal skills development programs that are delivered on farms by accredited service providers. In this issue we need to consider the process of learning and learning facilitation from a different perspective.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • Capacity Building Workshop
    In 2007 the Citrus Academy identified the need for developing the skills and capacity of learning facilitators. The first Citrus Academy Capacity Building Workshop was held from the 11th to 15th of February 2008 in Stellenbosch.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • The impact of electricity shortages on the citrus industry
    The recent electricity crisis in the country threatens competitive position of South African citrus due to the unreliable supply of electricity. Power supply problems vary across the country, some citrus regions experience long periods of power outages, while others seem to have been spared altogether.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • Synopsis of SA's technical interaction with EU on phytosanitary import requirements for fresh citrus fruit from SA in respect of CBS (Citrus Black Spot)
    At the time of introducing harmonised EU phytosanitary legislation in 1992, SA notified the EU that it considered the proposed legislation pertaining to Citrus Black Spot as being excessively restrictive. The proposed measures were nonetheless implemented by the EU.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • Position on EU Ban on imports affected by Citrus Black Spot
    The Citrus Growers' Association of Southern Africa (CGA) represents the interests of the citrus growers of the southern African region, including South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • CRI Appoints Transformation Extension Officer
    Andrew Mbedzi has been appointed as from 1 January 2008 as Transformation Extension Officer within CGA/CRL. 

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • Tydeoid mites on citrus in southern Africa
    Tydeoid mites are often present on citrus foliage in southern Africa and are generally considered beneficial.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2008) Popular

  • Electronic data interchange initiative enters second phase
    In late 2006 an initiative was launched by the Citrus, Pome and Stone fruit industries to get inspection and shipping data transmitted electronically from loading stations to the PPECB's database.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2008) Popular

  • Citrus Academy Bursary Fund: What was and what will be
    With all that has been said in the recent past about attracting talented, skilled candidates to agriculture and specifically to the citrus industry, it remains a mere pipedream without a proper implementation plan on the ground.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2008) Popular

  • Taking on Employment Equity
    Employment equity is a challenge that every business in South Africa face today. In agriculture, finding the people with the right qualifications, skills and experience is always a special challenge and throwing employment equity into the mix makes it even more difficult.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2008) Popular

  • New Chairmen for CGA
    At the board meeting held in Johannesburg on 29th November 2007, the board of directors was confirmed.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2008) Popular

  • EU Rapid Alerts and Pesticide Residue Monitoring in Context

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2008) Popular

  • CBS management in the Eastern Cape under the spotlight
    In areas where it occurs, Citrus Black Spot (CBS) is probably the disease that costs citrus growers the most money, firstly as a result of the high cost of chemical control, and secondly due to restricted access to lucrative markets.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2008) Popular

  • Vordering Binne die Sitrus kouekettingforum
    Die Sitrus-kouekettingforum (CCCF) is begin 2007 gestig om globale mededingendheid van die Suid-Afrikaanse sitrusbedryf te versterk deur 'n platform te skep waardeur gemeenskaplike belange van alle relevante rolspelers gekoördineer kan word, met die doel om die koueketting to optimaliseer.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2008) Popular

  • Vestig nuwe aanplantings op gesonde beginsels
    Die normale tendens na 'n goeie bemarkingsjaar is dat produsente 'n gedeelte va die opbrengs gebruik om nuwe aanplantings te vestig, of ou boorder te vervang.