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SA Fruit Journal 2014

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pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • The citrus industry mourns the passing of Andy Lee
    Asad announcement is the passing of Andrew Lee, former manager of the citrus industry's Citrus Improvement Programme. Andy battled for many years with a weak heart and after recent complications passed away on the 10th September 2014.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • Lest the industry forget: WA Engelbrecht
    Wim Engelbrecht van Piet Engelbrecht Trust (Volharding Boerdery) is onlangs na 'n siekbed oorlede. Hy het diep spore in die sitrusbedryf getrap en sal om verskeie redes onthou word.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • Phytclean Project: electronic data sharing to support phytosanitary certification
    Purpose of the project: The purpose of the PhytClean project is to undertake a process with public and private stakeholders to explore, define and ultimately implement a system for relevant information sharing that will enable DAFF and the industry to comply with the phytosanitary rules prescribed by our trading partners.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • South African Citrus Season winds down for 2014
    In March 2014 the Citrus Marketing Forum (CMF) agreed on a total export crop of 113.1 million cartons which was a similar total to 2013. With the season almost finished at week 40 and 111.3 million cartons packed it seems to be heading very close to target.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • Female Entrepreneur Awards Gala Dinner
    Radical Transformation, youth and women involvement in agriculture, those were the words used by the new Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry at the Annual DAFF Female Entrepreneur Awards Gala Dinner on August, 22nd.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • 2014 Industry Exposure Programme
    Citrus Academy Bursary Fund students have had a very busy and eventful year. With help from our sponsors, we were privileged to send our Bursary Fund students to a number of conferences this year.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • 2014 AgriSETA Excellence Awards
    The citrus industry once again stole the show at the annual AgriSETA Excellence Awards, where prizes are awarded to those who have excelled within the agricultural sector in skills development.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • Can silicon be used to prevent Alternaria alternata in citrus trees?
    The use of silicon (Si) in several economic crops to reduce fungal infection motivated the investigation of Si application in citrus and its role in the alleviation of brown spot (Alternaria alternata), under controlled conditions.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • The benefits of hand thinning ‘Nadorcott’ mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco)
    Hand uitdunning is ‘n arbeidsintensiewe produksiepraktyk, maar die vroegtydige vermindering van vruglading wat lei tot verbeterde vruggrootte is uiters effektief.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Dec 2014/Jan 2015) Popular

  • Addition of a polymer surfactant formulation can improve aerial control of the citrus mealybug, using entomopathogenic nematodes
    Traditionally, entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) are targeted against the soil stages of insect pests. To improve control of Planococcus citri, the citrus mealybug, EPN application suspensions require the addition of adjuvants.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2014) Popular

  • Are you moving citrus and/or related products?
    In terms of Agricultural Pests Act, 1983 (Act No. 36 of 1983), movement of citrus and/or related plant propagation material is prohibited from one area to another within the Republic of South Africa, unless the movement is authorised by means of a permit, or the material is certified as pest-free.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2014) Popular

  • CGA move into new offices
    After spending the past 10 years in a rented house in a residential area, the CGA has now moved into a brand new office block in central Hillcrest.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2014) Popular

  • Citrus Academy makes future fruitful
    The Citrus Academy participates in relevant career and bursary fairs held across South Africa, to promote the industry as a whole, to create awareness about the job opportunities in the industry, and to inform students about the Citrus Academy Bursary Fund.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2014) Popular

  • Transformation - after the Elections
    The first 100 days of the new administration in office is the most crucial time for the new Ministers and MEC’s including the President as they are being evaluated to see if they are really fit for their positions and know what is required of them. There were numerous meetings within the CGA transformation portfolio during this time.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Oct/Nov 2014) Popular

  • Novel pre-harvest usage of the synthetic auxin 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) in the South African citrus industry

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Downstream and Upstream Orientation is Key to Understanding the Value of a Cold Chain
    I started working for the citrus industry in 1996 being contracted by a firm that was given the contract by Outspan to store citrus for the Japan program in Durban.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Is Sitrusboerdery Betalend?
    In gesprekke word dikwels gevra of boerdery betalend is en watter tipe boerdery die mees winsgewende is. Ekonome is meestal van mening dat groot boerderye groter word en klein boerderye verdwyn.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Doctor, Doctor...
    Doctor Xolani Siboza Way back in 2006 we received an application for a bursary from a young man who was about to enter his final year in BSc Agronomy at the University of Zululand. Xolani Siboza impressed us with his determination and ability to work hard, and he was awarded a bursary for 2007.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Socio-economic Transformation
    Socio-economic Transformation is the buzz word as the government and new administration put more emphasis on economic transformation in all the sectors. The maximum participation of the young women in the agricultural sector has also been a core agenda of our government.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • London Produce Show 2014
    Tim Prevor (the Perishable Pundit) and the Fresh Produce Consortium (FPC) joined up to create the London Produce Show, the first of its kind in the UK. The main aim of the Show is to create meeting opportunities with like-minded people with the expectation of increasing trade and promoting the consumption of fresh produce in the UK.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Lemon Growers bullish on 2014 Export Prospects
    Projections done in May by the CLAM member countries for the 2013/14 lemon season, indicate a total of one million tons of exports, an increase of almost 8% on the previous year and similar to the 2010/11 season.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • The mirid bug, Eurystylus capersis, new 'pest' on citrus
    During the last few years, an increasing presence of a mirid bug has been noted on citrus blossoms in the Sundays River Valley of the Eastern Cape. This appears to be so for all cultivars except lemons. The bug has been positively identified as Eurystylus capensis (Distant) (Hemiptera: Miridae) (Ratnadass & Moore, 2014).

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • CGA appoints special envoy - market access
    Following on from the tense 2013 season with the threat of a complete ban on SA citrus to the EU, the CGA Board decided to employ an expert in the field of negotiations and communications with local and overseas bodies such as DG SANCO. Deon Joubert, formerly of Capespan, was appointed in January 2014 and hasn’t stopped running since!

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Combining entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) with biological control agents
    The compatibility of EPNs with biological control agents and agrochemicals that are likely to be used in an integrated pest management programme for citrus in South Africa was investigated.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Die Ballie Wahl-meriete toekenning vir die beste Hortologie student in Sitrusproduksie
    Helen Marais, ʼn vierdejaar student van die Departement Hortologie aan die Universiteit Stellenbosch, is vanjaar die eerste ontvanger van die Ballie Wahl-meriete toekenning.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Star Ruby: A  Stalwart of the RSA Citrus Industry
    In southern Africa some 4 450 hectares are at the moment planted with Star Ruby grapefruit. This comprises about 8% of the total citrus plantings in the region.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Naturally occurring entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) reduce infestation of citrus by false codling moth
    The impact of naturally occurring entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) on the false codling moth (FCM), Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), was quantified in a citrus orchard in Nelspruit, South Africa.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Aug/Sept 2014) Popular

  • Young citrus entomologists graduate with Masters Degrees
    Congratulations are due to two young entomologists who each graduated with an MSc in entomology from Rhodes University in April this year.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • Historic citrus tree planting at old Raadsaal in Bloemfontein
    Orange trees do not grow in Bloemfontein - not as a rule anyway. The name Orange Free State had nothing to do with oranges.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • Jaarlikse CRI Na-oes Werkswinkels groei ongekend
    Soos in 2013, is die eerste CRI Na-oes Werkswinkel vanjaar weer vir pakhuise en ander na-oes rolspelers in Limpopo aangebied, in Polokwane, gevolg deur Mpumalanga by Loskopdam, KZN en Swaziland in Durban, Oos-Kaap in Port Elizabeth en laastens Wes-Kaap in Stellenbosch.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • CGA Grower Roadshows
    Every year travelling on the grower roadshows reminds CGA staff how privileged we are to work in the citrus industry – for sure citrus is grown in the most beautiful parts of southern Africa.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • Milestones as South African citrus exports to the Unites States celebrate 15 years of success
    Exports of oranges from South Africa to the United States hit a new record in 2013, with nearly $57 million in sales or more than 39 000 metric tons in exports.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • Southern Hemisphere outlook for 2014 citrus season
    The southern African citrus industry exports will be similar to last year at 113.3 million 15 kg cartons compared to 2013’s 113.7 million. Although the overall estimate remains steady; there are some significant changes in some of the citrus sectors.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • CGDC News
    Ensuring a better life for all through the development of our rural communities - this is the core reason for the existence of the Citrus Growers' Development Chamber (CGDC). Since the establishment of the Chamber, and particularly in the past year, the Transformation Desk has seen a marked improvement in the co-operation and support of the stakeholders who seek to support the developing citrus growers.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • CGDC Grower Survey
    The project was managed by the Citrus Academy on behalf of the CGDC, while Lima Rural Development assisted with the survey on the ground.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • New appointments at Citrus Research International

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • Opening of the new Community Centre at ALG Estates in Citrusdal
    A new Community Centre, which was built at ALG Estates with the proceeds derived from premiums earned from an innovative marketing programme under the Fairtrade in the United States was opened by Ms Vangile Titi Msumza, Minister of Agriculture to the South African Embassy, Washington DC, USA.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (June/July 2014) Popular

  • Die Sitrus Gronvesblok gee erkenning vir jare diens

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2014) Popular

  • Foreword: World Class South African Agriculture
    Brazil is endowed with vast agricultural resources. Considering that Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world (8.5 million square kilometres) and that one-half to two-thirds of the country has a semi-temperate climate, high rainfall, fertile soil, advanced technology and input use, adequate infrastructure, and experienced farmers; the sky's the limit for Brazilian agriculture.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2014) Popular

  • Research on Regulatory Aspects of (Citrus) Reefer Container Transport
    The transporting of citrus in Reefer containers, whether in the port vicinity or long distance, does present some challenges.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2014) Popular

  • Local initiatives for harmonizing food safety standards
    CGA visited the SENWES and Hoedspruit growing regions in December 2013 to discuss the challenge of multiple food safety and pesticide residue requirements that are being applied by different overseas receivers of South African citrus.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2014) Popular

  • Adjuvants improve the aerial control of the citrus mealybug when using entomopatogenic nematodes as a biological control agent
    Planococcus citri, the citrus mealybug, is regarded as a serious pest of citrus in South Africa, occurring only in the aerial parts of citrus trees.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (April/May 2014) Popular

  • Influence of sunlight exposure on fertility of Phyllosticta citricarpa pycnidia in citrus black spot lesions on grapefruit and Valencia orange rinds
    ABSTRACT: Water alone did not readily stimulate Phyllosticta citricarpa pycnidia to release pycnidiospores, whereas an orange juice extract did stimulate pycnidiospore release.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • 2013 South African Citrus Season
    The 2013 citrus season was marked by big volumes with all commodities except lemons showing increases over 2012. The weakness of the rand, running at around 20% weaker than 2012 during the peak export period, allowed favourable returns although this naturally affected the cost of imported requirements negatively.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • Consumer Assurance: Feedback from CGA/CRI visit to United Kingdom, Belgium and the Netherlands
    This EU visit from 28th October 2013 to 1st November 2013 follows those undertaken in previous years to engage both the trade (importers, retailers and trade bodies) and regulators (officials) about current and emerging consumer assurance matters that may have an impact on the southern African citrus industry.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • Competitiveness increases dramatically for citrus
    “Cultivars have always been a key aspect of the citrus industry due to the need to adapt production to the international market demands. The competitiveness is dramatically increasing in citrus international markets and our economic survival of the citrus industry depends heavily on availability of new improved cultivars that meet the increasing market demand for higher quality fruits”

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • Citrus Safety Workshop for Extension Officers
    In October 2013, the Citrus Academy hosted a capacity building workshop at the Tzaneen Country Lodge in Limpopo. The workshop focused on citrus plant safety and was specifically designed to develop the skills and knowledge of the extension personnel of the Limpopo Department of Agriculture.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • 19th Conference of the International Organisation of Citrus Virologists (IOCV)
    South Africa was proud to host the 19th Conference of the International Organisation of Citrus Virologists (IOCV) from the 28th July to the 2nd August 2013 in the exquisite setting of the Kruger National Park in the new conference facility at Skukuza, which ensured a wonderful safari ambiance.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • Citrus Viroids...Friend or Foe?
    The use of citrus viroids to dwarf trees for use in high density citrus plantings and the notion that fruit quality benefits are derived due to the presence of viroids are topics that have arisen within sectors of the South African citrus industry. The benefits and potential dangers of the use of these entities in a commercial setting are not only a local debate, but are researched and debated internationally without consensus.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • The Lemon Borer Moth = The Citrus Flower Moth, Prays Citri: Its biology and control on citrus
    ABSTRACT It was confirmed that the citrus flower moth, Prays citri, is the pest which is primarily or even exclusively responsible for oviposition, superficial larval penetration, gumming and ultimately necrotic blotching on lemon fruit.

pdf SA Fruit Journal (Feb/March 2014) Popular

  • Celebrating and developing citrus expertise at CRI
    During the latter part of 2013, certain staff members at Citrus Research International passed some significant milestones of service to the citrus industry.